Date of Award

Fall 12-14-2018

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


African American Studies, Africana Women's Studies, and History

First Advisor

Charmayne Patterson, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Eric Duke, Ph.D.


In this study, seven rap songs by hip hop icon Tupac Shakur were examined to determine if the ideology of the Black Panther Party exists within the song lyrics of his politically oriented music. The study used content analysis as its methodology. Key among the Ten Point Program tenets reflected in Tupac’s song lyrics were for self-determination, full employment, ending exploitation of Blacks by Whites (or Capitalists), decent housing, police brutality, education, liberation of Black prisoners, and the demand for land, bread, housing, education, clothing, justice, peace, and a United Nations plebiscite.