In this study, we review research on after-school programs, activities, and arrangements that support Black youth's positive academic, social, and emotional development. We then analyze data collected from 28 after-school programs funded under the W. K. Kellogg African American men and boys Initiative. Numerous community based programs assist African-America n men and boys lead meaningful lives. Despite depressing statistics. most Black males lead productive, positive lives. This paper confirms that the massive failure and incarceration of Black males in American society is not inevitable. We present systematic evidence of alternative outcomes.