There is a disproportionate incidence and prevalence rate of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) among African Americans. HIV/AIDS is one of the leading cause of death among Blacks, aged 25-44. It is likely that many of these individuals contracted HIV while they were college aged. Black college students are an understudied group. The behaviors of college students in general, and the combination of environment and individual behaviors, warrants further investigation of sexual risk behaviors among Black college students. Furthermore, it is important to understand both the risk and protective factors that different environments may play. A substantial number of Black students attend Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs), which have purported to have protective affects on risk behaviors. This paper will give a cursory review of the sexual risk literature of Black college students and identify some of the risk and protective factors associated with HBCUs.