It has been relatively easy for advocates of diversity to sidestep questions about the social and historical origins of policies they favor. The idea of diversity seems to have appeared out of nowhere. But the notion of changing institutions so that they better reflect the great range of peoples and experiences in American Culture is not new. In modern times, the most prominent movement for diversity has been the Civil Rights Movement. African American Studies, the intellectual and scholastic offshoot of that movement, initiated the first wide scale effort to broaden racial and social perspectives within the university.