Date of Award


Degree Type


University or Center

Atlanta University (AU)


School of Arts and Sciences

Degree Name


First Advisor

Dr. Margaret Rowley


The race riot that occurred in Atlanta, Georgia on September 22, 1906, is considered to be one of the worst riots to have ever happen in the South before World War I. The purpose of this study is to examine the social, political, and economic aspects of the city's Black community before and after the riot, and to show that Blacks were determined to build a strong society despite segregation. In addition to this, the paper will examine the events that occurred during the riot and discuss the interracial cooperation committees that were created immediately following the uprising to improve race relations in the city. The reactions of local and national Black leaders to the riot will also be explored.

The primary sources used for this study were the Black and white newspapers of the period: Atlanta Independent; Savannah Tribune; New York Age: Washington Bee; Baltimore Afro-American; Atlanta Constitution; Atlanta Journal: Atlanta News; and New York Times. City Council Minutes, city ordinances, and other government documents were used for additional information. Also used in this study are numerous secondary sources such as books, articles, pamphlets, theses, dissertations, maps, and illustrations.