Date of Award


Degree Type


University or Center

Clark Atlanta University(CAU)

Degree Name


Counseling and Psychological Services

First Advisor

Professor Eugene Herrington


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of ritual counseling process on the enhancement of self-esteem. The subjects consisted of a select group of Maasai adolescent males. The range of their chronological ages was 16 -18 years.

The forty male Maasai adolescents were selected randomly. A pre- posttest research design was used. The Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale was administered before the ritual counseling process was begun. These results were used as the baseline data.

The study found that all the t-tests produced statistically significant differences between the pre- and post-ritualized test scores. The conclusion, drawn from these findings, seems to warrant that; the ritual counseling process contributed to the reduction of the subjects' negative feelings of self-worth, and contributed to the positive change in the subjects' feelings of self-worth.

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