Date of Award


Degree Type


University or Center

Atlanta University (AU)

Degree Name




First Advisor

Professor Hubert B. Ross


Problem—Residential areas in Atlanta, Georgia, have undergone many changes since World War I. As a result of the migration of blacks to metropolitan areas, there has been an increase in their percentage of the total population. Many studies halve been conducted concerning black expansion from 19kO through I960. These studies, therefore, are continued in this endeavor to study the changing residential expansion in the Southwest section of Atlanta from I960 to 1970.

Purpose.--An attempt was made to define and study those residential areas in Southwest Atlanta which were undergoing residential change. It has been a process of residential expansion and involves changes In the racial composition of the neighborhood which mostly turned from white to black. A definite pattern related to previous prevalent residential change in Southwest Atlanta emerges.

Procedure.—'Data was collected by several means: newspaper clippings, maps, and other literary sources. From this data, we were able to obtain residential change in Southwest Atlanta.

Newspaper clippings covered the events of SWAP (Southwest Atiant* ans For Progress), an organization formed in an effort to maintain the bi-tfaoial character of Southwest Atlanta. Also, this organization was essential in putting an end to some of the practices of real estate agents in encouraging panic selling of homes.

Results.—A comparison of residential areas of Atlanta for 1966 and 1969 indicated that areas which were transitional in 1966 had be come black residential areas by 1969. SWAP has been relatively in effective in its effort to develop and maintain bi-racial eomnunities in Southwest Atlanta.

Conclusion.—The study shows that after a brief period of transition in which there is a shift in population from white to black, neighborhoods tend to maintain their previously segregated racial patterns, Essential to keeping the residences segregated is public policy on housing as formulated by real estate agents, social agencies, and other white homeowners. The shift of population has created, however, new centers of political power for blacks, and it will be of interest to observe whether or not the election and appointment of black officials will alter or modify this problem.

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