Date of Award


Degree Type


University or Center

Atlanta University (AU)


School of Social Work

Degree Name


First Advisor

Dr. Creigs C. Beverly


The following study was developed to examine the factors, when present in the lives of low-income individuals, equal dependency, i.e., education level, employment history, number of children, and what can be done to change these factors. The research effort sought to prove that introduction of the independent variable (Positive Self-Image Training) into a self-help program would enable a select group of women to reach a level of relative self-sufficiency. The research design used was quasi-experimental.

The population under investigation was a group of single black female heads of household, age 18 and older, participating in a government sponsored self-sufficiency program in Atlanta, Georg ia. A standard self-concept test, Tennessee Self Concept Scale, was administered to 20 single black mothers before and after positive self-image training. The anticipated outcome was formulated in the hypothesis: "A select number of Project Self-Sufficiency participants who receive positive self-image training will show a measurable difference in terms of improved self-concept over the participants who only receive the prescribed treatment."

The major findings of the study showed that the experimental group improved in terms of self-concept while the control group showed little or no change. Although the quantitative outcomes were smaller than anticipated, the qualitative outcomes more than supported the general hypothesis of the study.

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