Date of Award

12-1-1987

Degree Type

Dissertation

University or Center

Atlanta University (AU)

School

School of Education

Degree Name

Ed.D.

First Advisor

Dr. Trevor Turner

Second Advisor

Dr. Gange Persaud

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between principal-teacher relationship and teacher absence. The intent of this study was to analyze the effect of teacher absence rate on two variables: leadership and job satisfaction. The study posed the following questions:

1. Is there a significant relationship between the level of job satisfaction of teachers and the rate of teacher absence as measured by a supervision questionnaire?

2. Is there a significant relationship in the rate of teacher absence and selected independent variables: leadership, autonomy, morale, satisfaction, and production?

3. Is there a significant relationship between absence and job satisfaction of teachers in different school settings?

The study has investigated the role of the principal as the change agent. It was contended that a direct linkage existed between teacher absence, job satisfaction, and the principal's leadership. It was conceptualized that the effective leader, the principal, could improve job satisfaction through positive interaction that produced patterns of effective leadership, evidenced by a decrease in teacher absence. The study is concerned with how "what exists" (job satisfaction) is related to some preceding event (principal leadership) that may have influenced or affected a present condition (teacher absence).

The study followed an expost facto procedure because no manipulation of a treatment variable was included. The multiple regression technique was used to determine whether the independent variables, leadership, job satisfaction, morale, autonomy, and production, when taken together or individually, can be found to be significantly correlated with the dependent variable absence. There were 174 teachers in grades one through eight surveyed. The data collected were subjected to a Pearson Product-Moment correlation and stepwise multiple regression.

Summary of the Hypotheses

Hypothesis 1 is rejected that there is no significant relationship between job satisfaction and teacher absence.

Hypothesis 2 is rejected that there is no significant relationship between leadership and teacher absence rate.

Hypothesis 3 is rejected that there is no significant relationship between teacher autonomy and teacher absence rate.

Hypothesis 4 is rejected that there is no significant relationship between teacher morale and teacher absence rate.

Hypothesis 5 is accepted that there is no significant relationship between production and teacher absence rate.

Analysis of Data

Analysis of the Pearson-Moment Correlation indicted a greater association with job satisfaction, leadership, autonomy, and the dependent variable absence. The variable production had no association. 2 Using absence as the dependent variable in a regression, sex, race, teaching position, age, years assigned to school, years of teaching experience, discipline, school race, and location of school as independent variables, only school race and location showed any significant influence on absence.

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