Date of Award

12-1-1998

Degree Type

Thesis

University or Center

Clark Atlanta University(CAU)

School

School of Arts and Sciences

Degree Name

Ph.D.

Department

Political Science

First Advisor

Dr. Benneson DeJanes

Abstract

This study has unfolded the U.S. policy toward the Middle East in general and the U.S. response to the 1990- 1991 Gulf crisis in particular. It has uncovered the fact that throughout different phases of history the U.S. policy in the Middle East was shaped by its national interests. U.S. interests in the Middle East, as elsewhere, are determined on the basis of strategic considerations and access to resources and markets. At a more specific level, however, U.S. policy objectives in the Middle East over the past several decades, until the 1990-1991 U.S.-led war in the Persian Gulf, were to: contain Soviet expansionism and influence in the region, ensuring a steady flow of the region's oil and petro-dollars to the west and Japan; defend the security of Israel; secure a permanent U.S. military base in the region; and as a result of the collapse of the Cold War order in 1990, establish the U.S. as world leader. The United States has significantly achieved these goals. In fact, by defeating Iraq, the United States has further secured its national interests in the Middle East. The Gulf War was carried out to this end.

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