Date of Award


Degree Type


University or Center

Clark Atlanta University(CAU)

Degree Name


Counseling and Human Development

First Advisor

Dr. Robert Smothers


This investigation examined the effects of using rap music in group counseling as a counseling adjunct. A multi-group experimental design was used to determine whether statistically significant differences would be evidenced. In addition, a methodology that employed rap music in the counseling process was developed. The subjects included thirty undergraduates from Clark Atlanta University. Although visible means differences were observed, computed t-ratio's indicated that there was no statistically significant differences between groups pre- and posttest scores as measured by Mooney Problem Checklist (1950).

Signature Location_Supplemental file.pdf (45 kB)
Notice to Users, Transmittal and Statement of Understanding

Included in

Counseling Commons