Date of Award


Degree Type


University or Center

Clark Atlanta University(CAU)

Degree Name


Counseling and Human Development

First Advisor

Dr. Gaylene Perrault


To determine if personality differences existed between African-American graduate counselors who selected a counseling orientation and those who did not, fifty-three African-American graduate students enrolled in a counseling program were administered the Theoretical Orientation Survey (TOS) and the Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness Personality Inventory (NEO-PI). Frequency analysis, t-test and chi-square were used to interpret survey data. The study found that significant differences existed between personality traits and various counseling models with males and females differing significantly in their selection of a counseling model. The study data suggest that (1) counseling approaches and personality traits seem more related to information processing styles and (2) counseling programs that train African-American counselors may need to be more consistent in integrating counseling philosophy, goals and techniques.

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