Date of Award


Degree Type


University or Center

Clark Atlanta University(CAU)

Degree Name


International Affairs and Development

First Advisor

Dr. Komanduri S. Murty


This research examined the relationship of female employment with three major contributing factors: ecological, motivational, and personal ability factors, in the state of Andhra Pradesh and its two highly urbanized districts (Ranga Reddy and Hyderabad). The 1991 census data were utilized as a major source. Specifically, the study tested the following six hypotheses:

1. Female work force participation rates vary by rural-urban residence, industrial categories, and National Industrial Classification (NIC).

2. Differential female work force participation rates can be observed by class of worker and occupational type.

3. Female workers vary by their educational attainment, age, and marital status.

4. The growth rate of female work force participation is significantly effected by change in industrial structure, time-period, and rural-urban residence over a period of time.

5. Female employment, especially in non-agricultural and non-household sectors, is significantly effected by education and urbanization, independently as well as combined.

6. The structure of female employment is the same between the state of Andhra Pradesh and its districts, Ranga Reddy and Hyderabad, but the size of participation may vary.

The results of the data analysis confirmed all hypotheses.

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