Date of Award

7-1-2011

Degree Type

Dissertation

University or Center

Clark Atlanta University(CAU)

School

School of Arts and Sciences

Degree Name

Ph.D.

Department

Political Science

First Advisor

Dr. Hashim Gibrill

Second Advisor

Dr. Robert B. Dejanes

Third Advisor

Dr. Fatemeh Shafiei

Abstract

This study has two major objectives. The first is to analyze and to assess the role and the impact of the Palestinian Uprising of 1987 onthe peace process between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). The second objective is to set forth the Israeli government’s practices and its policies against the Palestinians during the uprising. These two objectives were investigated by searching the available literature that is related to the subject matter and by conducting face-to-face and telephone interviews from both sides, the Palestinians and the Israelis. Students, farmers, businessmen, prisoners, teachers, politicians, military and religious leaders were interviewed. From the findings, many factors worked together and played a significant role in bringing both parties to negotiate peace. Some of these factors, including the Israeli harsh treatment of the Palestinians which brought a wide range of condemnation to Israel by various governments around the world, and the media coverage of the incidents in the Occupied Territories, brought a great deal of support to the Palestinians and their cause, and produced temporary peace between the PLO and Israel. Our investigation and our analysis showed in detail how both parties to the peace negotiation tried to adjust their position toward each other after forty years of hostility in ways that may help to achieve long-lasting peace in the land of peace.

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