Date of Award


Degree Type


University or Center

Clark Atlanta University(CAU)


School of Education

Degree Name



Educational Leadership


The school reform and restructuring movements of the last decade have caused school leaders to search for new ways to educate students. One goal of the restructuring is to improve students' academic performance. The response to this restructuring movement has been the adoption of block scheduling. This research focuses on how the block scheduling initiative impacts ninth grade student achievement. Research was conducted in two Metropolitan Atlanta High Schools that utilized the 4X4 and AIB Block Schedules.

This quantitative and qualitative study was interested in finding out teachers' perceptions of the effectiveness of the block schedule in regards to urban ninth grade student achievement, the dependent variable. Instructional strategies, instructional time, depth of subject matter taught, and disciplinary problems served as independent variables. The study relied heavily on data collected from self-designed surveys and interview follow up questions with selected teachers. The interview responses further clarified the perceptions of selected teachers in the study. The conclusions, findings, implications, and recommendations were based on the analysis of the data collected from the survey and interview follow-up questions.