United States Foreign Policy toward the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan: 1990-2014

Atallah Al Sarhan

Abstract

This study provides an analysis of the United States' foreign policy toward the

Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan from 1990-2014. This period has witnessed four different

American Presidents: the Republicans, George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush, and the Democrats, Bill Clinton and Barack H. Obama. Republicans and Democrats have both maintained relatively close relations with Jordan. This study concluded that the most important factors that shaped the United States' foreign policy toward Jordan are the geopolitical location, ideology, moderate regime, regional security dimension, and ArabIsraeli peace process. This study explores the signing of The Jordan-Israel Peace Treaty of October 26, 1994, which markedly enhanced US-Jordan bilateral relations to unprecedented levels. The United States' foreign aid, Qualifying Industrial Zones, and the US-Jordan Free Trade Agreement have dramatically boosted the Jordanian economy and modernized its military weapon systems. This study found that the primary concern of the United States' foreign policy in the Middle East is securing strategic access to oil in the Gulf region, supporting and protecting Israel's sovereignty, maintaining the United States' military bases, particularly in the Gulf States, defending client-states and friendly regimes, and resisting Islamic movements and terrorist groups.