Date of Award

3-1996

Degree Type

Dissertation

University or Center

Clark Atlanta University(CAU)

Degree Name

Ph.D.

Department of Counseling and Psychological Services

Abstract

This study investigated the impact of gender on alcohol use among African-American college students. The two study hypotheses were: (1) there is no difference between the rates of alcohol use for African-American males and African-American females; and (2) there is no difference in alcohol use among African-American college students according to social variables, i.e., personal and situational variables. The Clark Atlanta University survey of Alcohol Use (1992) was used to assess the drinking patterns of a select group of African-American college students. The participants in this study consisted of 128 African-American college students (males and females) who attended schools in the Atlanta University Center. Results indicated that, contrary to the expected predictions, the rate of alcohol use tended to be higher for African-American females than for African-American males, however, this difference was not significant. Furthermore, influences of social variables i.e., place, type of consumption, reasons for drinking and group composition, appeared to be significant when looking at the gender differences. It was concluded that type of consumption tended to be significant, e.g., African-American college females, who reported that they used alcohol, indicated that they prefer to drink wine coolers when they consume alcohol. The African-American college males indicated that they prefer to drink beer when they consume alcohol. The second most significant difference, between African-American college males and females, was their responses to alcohol consumption based upon group composition. It was revealed that African- American females, who reported consuming alcohol, preferred to drink with friends and same sex. However, when African -American college males responded to this question, they reported that they prefer to drink in the presence of large mixed groups more often.

Comments

Signature pages are on file with the graduate school. An archival copy of the document is available in the Archives Research Center.

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