Date of Award

12-1-1980

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.S.

Department

Department of Chemistry

First Advisor

Malcolm B. Polk

Abstract

The methylene chloride extract of smoke particulate matter of forest fire smoke was separated by column chromatography into five fractions. The phenolic fraction was studied using gas chromatography to establish optimum conditions and efficiency of the apparatus used to-perform the separation of the components in the sample. The separation was achieved by using a 6 ft x 1/4 in 3% SE-30 packed column. The components were identified using combined gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Further identification was accomplished using a 25 meter x 0.5 I.D. CP Sil capillary column by retention data. The components identified were: furfuryl alcohol; 5-methylfurfural; m-methylanisole; phenol; p-methylanisole; 2,4-dimethylphenol; guaiacol; catechol; 2,3-dimethoxyphenol; 2,6-dimethylphenol; resorcinol; 2-methylresorcinol; hydro-quinone; 3,5-dimethoxyphenol; eugenol; a-naphthol; pyrogallol; isoeugenol; 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde; phloroglucinol; anthracene; 1,4-dihydroxynaph-thalene; and 1,8,9-trihydroxyanthracene.

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