Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name



School of Education


Reorganization of the Atlanta school system was initiated by the Compromise Plan, the 1973-74 court order for racial desegregation. The document ended a fifteen year suit against the school system. The plaintiffs in the case, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) , relinquished the traditional demands for the mass transfer of students through forced busing, in favor of the placement of black educators in key decision-making positions throughout the administrative structure. Among such designated positions were the superintendent, one of two associate superintendents, four of seven assistant superintendents, and three of five area superintendents . The unprecedented and controversial plan initiated important changes in the structure of a historically unwielding school system. Background. The Atlanta school system had existed without any formal structure or organizational chart to show authority levels, reporting relationships or areas of responsibility. Formal job descriptions were not on file. Individuals, staffs, and programs had been permitted to pursue their courses in an autonomous fashion. The newly arrived superintendent was given the prerogative to reorganize the existing staffs into functioning units. After a year of study, the superintendent accepted the task of continuing reorganization to allay the mounting problems of the school district.