Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name



School of Education

First Advisor

Dr. Kwaku B. Danso


The objective of the study is to determine women and men’s roles as defined by their society in the attainment of food security in Mali. The study examines how household female and male members share the burden of coping to achieve food security, as dictated by their cultural environment. Using the gender analysis approach and taking into account the shortcomings of the gender and development theoretical framework, this study looks into both male-female relationships in society and how they relate to food security. Four themes frame this inquiry: gender division of labor, income, expenditure patterns, and decision-making. They are analyzed in the context of four Malian villages’ concrete experience in dealing with seasonal food insecurity. These relations are examined in terms of production, distribution, consumption, and appropriation within the household. The study uses data collected through a structured questionnaire and informal interviews. The study revealed that men and women are assigned different but complementary responsibilities in providing food for the household. It is recommended that any policy that deals with food insecurity should consider the individuals of each gender in order to be successful.