Date of Award
University or Center
Atlanta University (AU)
Purpose of the Study The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of the ICE program in developing management-by-objectives procedures for principals, carrying out their role as instructional leader and for teachers in developing better classroom MBO procedures.
Method of Research
The Descriptive Method of Research was used for this study. A questionnaire was used to collect the necessary data. This study involved eight middle school principals and 400 middle school teachers. Six principals and 240 teachers returned usable questionnaires.
Some findings which have emerged from this study are listed below: 1. More principals and teachers “very often” and “always” used management-by-objectives procedures after entering the IGE program for planning, implementing, and evaluating the instructional program as compared to “sometimes” and “often” before entering the IGE program. 2. Teachers entering the IGE program on all twenty variables showed a noticeable improvement after entering the program. 3. Principals entering the IGE program on all twenty variables showed a noticesble improvement after entering the program.
An analysis of the findings of this study warrants the following conclusions: An analysis of the findings of this study warrants the following conclusions: 1. Most teachers used MBO procedures "very often" and "always" as compared to "sometimes" and "often" before entering the IGE program. 2. Principals used MBO procedures "very often" and "always" after entering the IGE program. 3. The IGE program provided for monitoring on a regular basis. 3. The IGE program program provided for monitoring on a regular basis. 4. The IGE created a conducive atmosphere for a better working relationship between principals and teachers.
1. The MBO procedure can aid in providing a better learning situation and the writer surmises that this is the major reason for the success of the IGE program. 2. Teachers and principals who had little of no management procedure for the classroom and office by using MBO.
In accordance with the findings, conclusions and implications, the recommendations are: 1. The Atlanta Public Schools continue to use managerment -by-objectives procedures as one component in its middle school corriculum. 2. A follow-up-study be made of the effectveness of management-by-objectives procedures in the IGE program. 3. Further investigation in regard to the total effects of IGE on teaching and learning in middle schools in Atlanta.
Zachery, Roger L., "The effect of IGE on the use of MBO procedures in the Atlanta, Georgia middle schools" (1980). ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library. 728.