Throughout this period the academic community and - a more diffuse concept - the intellectual community always thought there were competing viable conceptualizations of African American status and agenda. Even the legislated reversal of statutory segregation was perceived as a victory and vindication of commitment to integration, rather than a new intellectual challenge to redefine premises, issues and goals. On the contrary, I submit that there have been only three intellectual crises for African American intellectuals, and that we are now in the worst.
"The Three Crises of the Negro Intellectual,"
Endarch: Journal of Black Political Research: Vol. 1997
, Article 3.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.auctr.edu/enda/vol1997/iss1/3