For this project, the goal is to identify any environmental impacts that might have been present during construction and operation of TRANSOL and Oikos prototypes, and this goal will be achieved within the scope of energy usage and the amount of materials used. The tool that can be used to analyze this is called the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and this process is beneficial because the user is able to quantitatively assess the amount of raw materials, energy, and pollutants (atmospheric, water, and solid) that are being generated throughtout the life of the product. Two assessments were conducted, the first will be a house, Oikos, made from sustainable materials and regulates the temperature in the house based on the weather outside that was designed and built at the Centro de Automática y Robótica (CAR) lab facility in Madrid, Spain; the second, which is also a prototype built at the same facility, is a solar powered locomotive system named TRANSOL. By conducting these assessments, we found that there were certain areas in which the prototypes had significant impacts; TRANSOL had a major impact on the water resources while Oikos had a major impact on the soil. However, due to the use of solar panels and underground geothermal storage tanks, Oikos and TRANSOL did not use a large amount of energy.
Dewa, Sanura and Cássia de Brito Galvão, Terezinha, "Life Cycle Assessment of Renewable Energy Driven Prototypes" (2015). G-STEM Posters. 16.